His father was a surgeon and oculist who died at age 33 when Pestalozzi, the second of three children, was five years old; he belonged to a family who had fled the area around Locarno due to its Protestant faith. After the death of Pestalozzi's father it was only through the help of Babeli that Pestalozzi's mother could financially support the family. It was through these visits that Pestalozzi learned the poverty of country peasants.
He was also a strong believer in personal liberty and an advocate for the poor.
As a boy, Pestalozzi traveled the countryside with his grandfather, who was a clergyman. On these travels, he witnessed the intense poverty suffered by the peasants and the consequences of putting children to work in the factories, as well as the ineffectiveness of the local Catechism schools.
These experiences influenced the development of his future educational theories. Pestalozzi, himself, was imprisoned for a short time for his supposed role in the prison escape of a colleague, a charge that was no doubt influenced by his support for Rousseau and militant causes.
Pestalozzi tried his hand in politics and farming before turning to education. He attempted to create a school for the poor in the s, known as Neuhof, where peasants would be liberated from their poverty by learning to weave and by selling their products. However, Neuhof ended in financial ruin for him and his family.
The experience forced him to reconsider many of his assumptions, like the Romantic notion that work comes naturally to man—an idea that was dashed when he overheard his students reminiscing about the days when they were free to wander the countryside. Here, with little support from the Swiss government, he became headmaster, teacher and nurse to the children.
Initially, he believed his students could build things and sell them to help support the school. Unfortunately, the French retook Stans in and commandeered the building in which his orphanage was housed.
This was in marked contrast to the typical pedagogy of the day, in which the children learned entirely from books, lecture and rote repetition and memorization, often without understanding what they were repeating.
Furthermore, most teachers in those days were not even trained as teachers. Pestalozzi eschewed the notion that teachers were there to give children answers. One of his early inventions was the use of cut out letters the students could use to construct words. He also etched letters into transparent horn-leaves, which the students could superimpose over their own letters to see if they wrote them correctly.
He even received a job offer from the Czar of Russia. He refused, and later told the Czar he should abolish serfdom and open schools for the peasants.
These ideas became the basis for the pedagogies of Friedrich Froebel inventor of kindergarten and Froebel GiftsFrancisco Ferrer founder of the first Modern Schools and many of the libertarian educators that followed.Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi was a social and educational reformer and writer in Europe during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
He believed that society could best be changed by education and that reform began with . A Swiss education reformer, Pestalozzi encouraged an approach to education that focused on the whole child.
In this video, we will take a look at how his contributions and philosophy have had. Published: Mon, 18 Jun Education plays very important role in the society.
One country can be developed based significantly on the variety of Human resources. The early childhood curriculum is the most holistic and least differentiated at any level of education. It is also the most solidly grounded in philosophy, in clearly articulated methodology, and in theory and research.
Those who contributed to the discipline of early childhood education came from. Johann Pestalozzi and Froebel, two of the earliest professionals in early childhood education, championed the development of the quality of early childhood theory and practice.
Pestalozzi contended that young children learn most effectively by doing, by playing, and by interacting with the environment--the physical world and other children.
Pestalozzi: Foster Father of Early Childhood Education. Hewes, Dorothy W. In tracing the spread of the educational philosophy of Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, it is useful to understand educators' emphasis on an internal or external locus of control.